Disaster Management has been one of the most significant burdens and challenges of the government sector. Since the type and severity of the disaster need different safety precautions, the fate of those impacted ultimately depends on the rapid actions and measures taken for relief. We can understand the severity of the disaster through a variety of instruments and procedures thanks to innovative possibilities and advancements. In this way, technology penetrates the heart of the disaster to offer creative solutions to help and relieve the disaster. Drone technology has advanced significantly in disaster management, on a scale of advancement. Unmanned aerial aircraft (UAVs) have exhilarating advantages, such as timely outcomes and precise data.
Helicopter inspections are the conventional approach for examining disaster-affected areas. A small number of crew members are selected in addition to the pilot to determine the extent of the impacted region and the number of stranded passengers. The entire examination procedure takes a lot of time and money. The pilot's and the crew's safety and health would also normally be at high risk due to environmental factors. Drone usage can assist in overcoming such obstacles. Drones can assist in remotely covering the damaged regions and can be deployed practically immediately without the need to plan for operations or safety.
Accurate mapping of places is one of drone technology's most prominent features. Before this, it was impossible to get a good, comprehensive image of the impacted areas using a drone equipped with GPS. Drones can now provide a 3D and 360-degree perspective of sites thanks to extensive R&D in the field of drone technology. The use of a 360-degree view camera allows rescuers to thoroughly investigate a disaster-affected area. Drones are employed in search and rescue activities. Drones are also utilized to map out demolished structures, monuments, and residences.
When a natural disaster happens, it generally leaves victims helpless with no availability of food and water. When a tragedy of this size strikes, there is a good risk that victims may go without food and water for several days. Drones are quite helpful in these situations for the quick delivery of food packages and water bottles. Drones can assist in providing first assistance to those who require it in addition to delivering food supplies.